Objectives/Purpose of pest surveillance
- identification of the target pest (s)
- identification of scope
- identification of timing (dates, frequency, duration)
- in the case of commodity pest lists, the target commodity
- indication of the statistical basis
Types of surveillance
- General Surveillance
- Specific Survey
- Literature Sources
- Collection, storage and retrieval of information
- Use of information (Research institutions, universities, scientific societies (including amateur specialists), museums, scientific journals )
- Producers, consultants, the general public, and trade journals, unpublished data and contemporary observations.
- FAO, RPPOs, etc.
- Monitoring surveys
Official surveys should follow a plan which is approved by the NPPO.
Pest Survey Site
Pest survey sites are determined by the:
- reported presence and distribution of the pest
- biology of the pest
- distribution of host plants of the pest and especially of their areas of commercial production
- climatic suitability of sites for the pest.
Pest survey Timing
- life cycle
- phenology of the pest and its hosts
- pest management programmes
- whether the pest is best detected on crops in active growth or in the harvested crop.
Information in the records should include:
- scientific name of pest
- scientific name of host, and plant part affected or means of collection
- locality (location codes, addresses, coordinates
- date of collection and name of collector
- date of identification and name of identifier
- date of verification and name of verifier
- references, if any
- additional information,
- stage of plant affected, or found only in greenhouses.