Disadvantages of pesticides:

  1. Residue occur in the crops
  2. Environmental contamination
  3. Toxic to birds, predators, beneficial insects and fishes
  4. Minor pests become major pests

The route of pesticides enter to the body are:

  1. Skin
  2. Mouth
  3. Respiratory tract
  4. Injury and wound


Rules of using pesticides

  1. Monitoring the pest incidence carefully.
  2. Choose the appropriate pesticides according to the pest infestation.
  3. Don’t use the pesticides without Myanmar label on the bottle.
  4. Read the instruction on the label carefully before using the pesticides.
  5. Use the pesticide according to recommended dosage.
  6. Don’t mix any two or more pesticides at the same time.
  7. Harvest the crops following the PHI (Pre-harvest Interval ) on the label.



General Precautions

Safe pesticides handling practices include:

  1. Reading and following label information and direction.
  2. Wearing clean personal protective equipment Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
  3. Removing contact lenses before handling pesticides.
  4. Washing before eating, drinking, smoking, or using the toilet.
  5. Not having food or smoking products on your body when handling pesticides.
  6. Never eating, drinking or smoking when handling pesticides.
  7. Immediately washing any spilled pesticides off an affected person and removing contaminated clothing.
  8. Showering and washing hair and cleaning under the fingernails at the end of each day.


Label Reading

  1. Check the pesticide registration number on your product
  2. Read the Active Ingredient and pesticide group on your product.
  3. Read the target pests, dosage of product and follow it.
  4. Read the pre-harvest interval and follow it.
  5. Read the storage and disposal procedure for the product and follow it.
  6. Read the first aid procedure and follow it if nessary.


Wear clean personal protective equipment (PPE) such as hat (wide) , long- sleeved shirt, long- legged trousers, boot, chemical goggles (eye glasses), face shield (mask) properly.

Don’t stir liquids or scoop pesticides with bare hands.

Don’t spray pestcides at the down-stream direction and during the strong wind.

Don’t spray pesticides at the high temperature of the day (noon).

Don’t suck the nozzel during spraying pesticides.

Don’t spray pestcides by pregnant women, child and lactating mother.

Never eating, drinking or smoking when handling pestcides.

Wash the body and clothes with plenty of water using soap after spraying pesticides.


Don’t dispose the empty continers into river, creek , fish ponds and water way.

Package and containers to be buried at least 20 inches as much as possible.

Don’t fire any used pesticide containers.



  1. Keep pesticides out of reach of the children.
  2. Pesticides should be stored at the cool , dry and well ventilated places.
  3. Pesticides should never be kept in a place where they might be mistaken for food or drink.
  4. Keep them dry but away from fires and out of direct sunlight.


Don’t use pestcides continers for any purpose. The reuse of pesticide continers is risky and not recommended.


Pesticides Poisoning Symptoms
Pesticides Poisoning Symptoms are : Headache, nausea, blurred vision, dizziness, chest pain, excessive wearing, salivation, pinpoint pupils and vomiting.
If pesticides poisoning is suspected, frist aid must be given immediately and medical advice and help must be sought at the earliest opportunity. If possible, the patient should be taken to the nearest facility.


First aid treatment

General: In all cases of doubt, or when symptoms persist, seek medical attention.
Inhalation: Move to fresh air. If symptoms persist, seek medical advice.
Skin: Remove contaminated clothing .Wash immediately with soap and water.
Eye: Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water. Eyelids should be held away from the eyeball to ensure thorough rinsing. Seek medical advice if irritation develops.
Ingestion: Rinse mouth, give water to drink. Never induce vomiting in unconscious or confused persons, seek medical advice.
Advice to physician: Symptomatic treatment is advised.